Pages

Sunday, December 21, 2014

Homemade, Naturally-Fermented Honey Mead

I am fascinated by history!  I have been researching the history of mead (honey wine) and have been thrilled with my findings... Apparently, the first mead was probably a happy accident :)  A beehive may have been flooded with rain water, which released the power of natural yeasts contained in the honey and BAM!  fermented honey wine!  I know, it would have taken days or weeks for the mead to develop, but that's basically the story :)

Some other neat facts about mead:
*Mead was considered a drink of the gods in ancient Greece.  Ambrosia, they called it.  It was thought to make you stronger, live longer and give you better overall health.   
*Mead was thought to be the first things given to the Viking warriors as they entered Valhalla.
*Celts believed that a river of mead ran through paradise!
*Even the term "honeymoon" refers to the gift of honey mead for the newly-married couple.
*Mead is featured in 1999 version of A Christmas Carol, with Patrick Stewart.  During the Christmas party at Scrooge's nephew's house, they heat a bowl of mead with a hot poker from the fire.  That is the traditional way to heat a Christmas mead

The reason mead production declined was due to the discovery of wine made from grapes and ale made from grains- both of which are cheaper than honey.  But, since mead was considered to be a divine gift, it was still used in religious ceremonies.

So making your own mead isn't just a hobby- you are carrying on a tradition that has been handed down for millennia.  Honey mead is considered the first fermented beverage in the history of the world, and you can make it right in your own kitchen :)

Honey mead can be made with only two ingredients:  honey and water. You might ask, "Where's the yeast??"  Well, believe it or not, honey actually contains yeast, enveloping it and preserving it until you release it in water to make mead.  

Think about it... everything in this world has yeast on it- leaves, flowers, fruit, even your own skin!  So, it's no wonder that the little honey bee picks up some yeast as it's gathering pollen!  I am going to make use of this wonderful wild yeast and ferment some honey to make a delicious holiday drink.

Here's all you need to make your homemade mead:
3-4 cups raw, local honey (less will give you a dryer mead, more will be sweeter)
1 gallon spring or non-chlorinated, filtered water
2-gallon fermenting vessel (either glass jar or fermenting crock)
1 c non-sprayed fruit (optional)



I do not have well water anymore, so I purchased some mountain spring water along with a  bottle of local raw honey.


In your fermenting vessel, pour the gallon of water and 3-4 cups honey.  No need to heat, as heating too much will kill all the beneficial enzymes and wild yeasts in the honey!




Stir vigorously until honey and water are incorporated- maybe a couple minutes.  At this point, you could just cover with a secured cotton cloth and wait for your mead to ferment!  I have chosen to add fruit to mine:  1 lemon and about 1 cup blackberries.  I have seen other traditional recipes that incorporate cloves, cinnamon sticks, apples, pears and oranges. Even Queen Elizabeth I had a favorite recipe that called for rosemary, sweet briar, thyme and bay leaf!  

As your mead ferments, stir often every day (at least twice, preferably 3 times) to aid in yeast growth and hinder mold from developing.  Take care of your mead and it will turn out beautifully!




Here is my fruity mead (also called melomel), ready to ferment!  I am going to leave it on the counter, covered, for about 10 days.  When the bubbly, fermenting stage is over (it should start around day 4), you can strain and drink the young mead -or- bottle in a carboy and let it develop into a more alcoholic beverage.  Check out this blog for more info on long-term mead fermentation.

Day 4:


I was excited this morning when I woke up to... bubbles!  Yes, they were small.  BUT, later in the day (for stir #2), I saw this:


My melomel is well on its way!  I'll keep you updated on the progress... and let you know how it ends up tasting! Stay tuned!








This post was inspired by a blog post by Jesse Frost and countless other recipes for traditional honey mead.  Check out Jesse's original post here.  You can also find traditional mead recipes in the vintage cookbooks on archive.org.  Mead fun facts were gathered from various websites, including Sky River Brewing.

Homemade, Crock Pot Chicken Stock

It's been a long time since I last posted something, BUT I have a good excuse!  For the past few months, my family has been prepping for a big move- to Colorado!  Well, we are finally here.  And, I am ready to start some new and exciting projects/experiments.  For one, I have to replenish ALL of my cultures... yes, I left them in Florida.  But, they are in good hands and being cared for :)

So far, I have started a new sourdough starter, and I am working on a new SCOBY for kombucha. (Here is the link for my sourdough starter, if you haven't seen it yet!)  Since sourdough is different everywhere, I am really excited to start using it next week!  As for the SCOBY, it is still developing... very slowly.  More to come on that...

*********************************************************************************

My first project will be to replenish my freezer with homemade stocks!  I've had friends tell me how good my beef stock is... so, I've decided to demonstrate my crock pot chicken stock as well! 

You have probably bought chicken stock/broth at the store to make homemade soups and sauces, right?  Well, what was the consistency?  Did you read the label?  What about MSG?  Your mind will be blown if you just take the time to look at what is in store-bought stock... BUT, making your own chicken stock is so easy!   Not to mention how delicious it is in homemade soups, sauces and rice dishes :)  

If you use a crock pot, like me, you don't have to worry about a leaving a burner on all night.  It is also easier to control the temperature of your stock!  Back in the day (before electric stoves), women used to put their stock pot on the back of the stove- that was the place that stayed warm but not too hot- so that their stock would be hot but not boil.  For them, just knocking the fire down was enough to keep the stove at the right temperature.  Fast forward to the modern-day wonder- the crock pot! 

First, to make chicken stock, you need a chicken carcass or two and all the skin and left-over parts that didn't get picked from the bones.  Don't be stingy, throw it all in!  I even throw in the juices that are left after making my French roast chicken.  This time, I made two roast chickens and put all the unused parts into my large crock pot.



Fill the crock up so that all the bones will be covered and add a couple T apple cider vinegar to help draw out all the good minerals.  After about 30 minutes, turn the crock pot on high.  This will bring your stock to a simmer.  At this time, you need to keep a pretty good watch over it so that you can scoop out and discard any foam that rises to the top.  After scooping, you can add carrots, onions or garlic and some pepper corns (or leave plain to season later).

Turn your crock pot down to "warm".  My crock pot still allows the stock to "gurgle"- not quite a simmer, but with an occasional bubble.  If your warm setting doesn't seem warm enough, just set it on "low".  Now comes the waiting... I usually start my stock after dinner one night and strain it off after dinner the next night.  That way, it is "gurgling" for about 24 hours.  You can stop yours anywhere between 12 and 24 hours.  The longer it cooks, the stronger the flavors will be!




When you strain off your stock, place the liquid into cold storage overnight.  I placed mine in our sun room because it got down in the 20's last night!  And the above picture is what I found this morning- a beautiful layer of congealed fat on top of a wonderfully-gelled stock!  




You can discard this layer of fat or keep all or part of it in your stock.  I like keeping at least half of it, since it is not nearly as greasy as beef stock fat.  This stock goes into my 2-cup containers and then I pop them in the freezer!  This time, my son is begging for chicken and dumplings, so I can't put it all away :)




Have a wonderful Christmas holiday and may all your stocks gel!  Enjoy!

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

Homemade Cold Brew Coffee

I have been enjoying a treat this summer... something to cool me down during the endless, sweltering days here in sunny south Florida- coffee!  This is not your typical cuppa joe,  I have been making cold brew coffee, which is more tasty and less acidic than normal hot brew coffee.  In fact, it is up to 70% less acidic than regular coffee!  And, cold brew is never bitter to the taste- I find that cold brew needs much less sugar, for those of you who like sweetener.

As for the process, making cold brew is not hard at all!  You will need a coffee grinder (freshly-ground coffee is best), and a kitchen scale to weigh out the ground coffee.  Other that, you will need a vessel (canning jar or other glass container with a lid) in which  to soak your coffee.


I found an organic whole-bean coffee at my local Costco, and my magic bullet ground it up nicely! The original recipe called for "course-ground" coffee, but mine was more finely ground.  It worked out nicely.  I used a quart-sized canning jar for my soaking vessel, so I filled it with 3 cups filtered water.  My recipe calls for 2 cups water per 1 oz ground coffee beans, so I used 1.5 oz ground coffee*: 





After capping the jar, give it a good shake to make sure the coffee beans are soaked and covered with water.  I give mine a shake every time I walk past, just to keep the mixture circulating.





When 24 hours is up, filter your coffee through a cheesecloth or old tee-shirt.  The final product will be pretty potent, so feel free to dilute to your personal taste.  If you need any sweetener, add it before storing the remaining liquid in the fridge.  Cold brew can be stored in the fridge for up to 2 weeks with no adverse effects on taste, so feel free to make a large quantity at one go-around!   


My cold brew treat with a splash of raw milk- YUM!


*If you own a French press coffee maker, you can use this for your soaking vessel and just press the cold coffee after the 24-hour soak.  

*Cold brew can be made in concentrate form.  Just add 1 cup water per 1 oz ground coffee beans and dilute the finished coffee with water in the ratio of 1:1 before serving :)  This way, you can add boiling water for a hot cup of coffee and still enjoy the benefits of cold brew!

Thursday, February 20, 2014

Homemade Fizzy, Fermented Tea

Did you know that you can ferment just about any food/drink?  You don't need any fancy equipment or ingredients, and the result is good for your tummy and taste buds! 

I have a lot of loose herbal tea around the house, so I decided to make a recipe I found online for fizzy, fermented tea. The original post was featured in a Cultures for Health newsletter (click here to view original).
Since I have more peppermint/spearmint than any other herb, I decided to make a good-for-your-tummy drink for my kids. :) 



To make this yummy drink, just put 1/4 c loose tea into a pan with one quart boiling water and let it steep for about 10 minutes.  Strain the tea into a quart jar and let it cool to about 100 degrees F.  Add 1/3 cup whey and 3 T sweetener (honey or unrefined sugar).  Cover the jar with a rubber band-secured cloth and let it ferment on your counter for 2-3 days.  Then, bottle your tea (or just cap your canning jar tightly) and let it sit out for another day or so, until you have plenty of bubbles (you can see the bubbles at the top of the bottle in the picture).  Chill until you are ready to drink!

The original recipe recommended adding a touch more sweetener when bottling your tea to give it more carbonation, but our didn't need it!  

Try making your own fizzy fermented drinks!  Experiment and Enjoy!



Homemade Sinus Infection Remedy

I don't know about you, but cold weather and sinus infections go hand-in-hand in my life!  Every time we turn the heat on (which has been more than usual, even in our semi-tropical climate), I wake up with that tell-tale headache and excess drainage- yuck.  

I usually rely on my netti pot for sinus issues, but this year I stumbled upon a pintrest post for putting a probiotic capsule into the netti pot solution for a powerhouse of a sinus infection remedy.  This works, trust me, but it's not pleasant.  My capsule did not readily dissolve into the water and it made for grainy drainage later on, which was pretty disgusting. Also, the initial treatment did have some pain associated with it... so much that I did another netti cleanse shortly after with nothing but salt water.  But, it worked wonders! Within an hour (or less) I felt normal again. 

Fast forward to my next sinus infection... I was not going to subject myself again to the capsule remedy, so I came up with something just as effective without the gross factor and pain:


I used a saline solution with freshly dripped whey!  No graininess and no discomfort! Really, this way was much better.  Here are the steps I took to perfect my sinus remedy:

1. Warm some filtered water in a sauce pan, just enough to take the chill out- not hot!
2.  Add a pinch of salt and stir.
3.  Fill your netti pot to the desired level, leaving room for 1T whey.
4.  Add freshly dripped whey (from kefir, yogurt or raw milk) and stir again.
5. Administer netti pot according to directions on the box.
6. Relax and let the probiotics do their job!  Repeat after a few hours if your infection is a doozy.

I hope this brings you as much relief as it has brought me!  Enjoy!

Tuesday, February 18, 2014

Homemade Eggnog

Eggnog is not just for the holidays!  In fact, my youngest son drinks this creamy drink nearly every day of the week.  It is not only full of flavor but is packed with protein and energy-giving ingredients!  So, if you or your family needs a pick-me-up, grab your blender and whip up some eggnog.  



What you'll need for your homemade eggnog:

makes 1 serving:
2 free-range egg yolks (if you can't keep your own chickens, get these from a reliable source)
1 c raw milk
1/2 c raw cream
1-2 T real maple syrup 
1/2 t ground cinnamon
1/2 t freshly ground nutmeg

Blend all ingredients together in your blender until frothy and serve immediately!  This is a super-simple, super nutritious snack (or breakfast on many days) that everyone is sure to love.  Enjoy!




Friday, January 3, 2014

Homemade Fermented Remoulade Sauce/ Sourdough Crabcakes

I am a big fan of seafood!  Living by the coast gives me plenty of opportunity to eat seafood... if only my family shared my love of salt-water dwellers :(  Thankfully, I was able to squeeze in a meal I have been craving for quite some time:  crab cakes with fermented remoulade sauce. 
 
Since living in the New Orleans area, I have been wanting to make a homemade version of that spicy, tangy sauce that is so good on... well, everything!  Since the base is mayonnaise, you can use it to spruce up anything that you would eat with mayo- even sandwiches (especially po-boys).  Here is my version of remoulade that will have your taste buds singing:
 
 
For a truly fermented sauce, make this one day ahead of time
1 c homemade mayo (for this recipe, I used Kelly the Kitchen Kop's copycat recipe for Hellmann's)
2 T Dijon mustard
2 T ketchup
1 T fresh lemon juice
1 T Worcestershire sauce
1/2 c chopped green onion
1/4 c chopped fresh parsley
1 stalk chopped celery
2 cloves garlic, pressed
2 t Tabasco
1/4 t ground black pepper
(the original recipe called for 1 t paprika, but I left it out)
1 T whey
 
Put all the ingredients in a food processor and blend until smooth.  Place in a jar and cap.  Let sit for about 8 hours on your counter, then refrigerate.  The whey will help your sauce stay fresh for longer and add probiotics for your tummy :)
 
Here's my remoulade, fermenting happily on the counter!
 
 
 
 
For the sourdough crab cakes, I tweeked a Paula Deen recipe from Food Network.  She knows her way around a southern kitchen, although some of her ingredients are less than ideal.  I have switched the bad ingredients for better ones, as well as adding a bit of homemade flavor :)
 
What you'll need for homemade, delicate crab cakes:
1 lb lump crabmeat, flaked
1/3 c sourdough bread crumbs (I processed a couple dry pieces of homemade sandwich bread)
3 finely chopped green onions
1/2 c finely chopped green pepper
1/4 c homemade mayo
1 egg
1 t Worcestershire sauce
1 t dry mustard
1/2 lemon, juiced
1/4 t garlic powder
1 t sea salt
dash of cayenne pepper
1/2 c coconut oil
sourdough crumbs for sprinkling

Mix all ingredients in a bowl (except coconut oil and remaining sourdough crumbs), using hands to really mix well.  Shape into patties and sprinkle with remaining sourdough crumbs.  Heat coconut oil to 350 F.  Fry crab cakes in batches- cook about 5 minutes on each side, careful to flip them without breaking.  Let rest on paper towel before serving warm with homemade remoulade.

 
 
Treat yourself with these homemade beauties!  They are worth the extra effort :)  Enjoy!